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Appendix

Calculation Source


..: Body Mass Index Calculation   (BMI)

BMI =  Weight (kg)
          [Height (m)]2

where
1 inch= 2,54 cm
1 kg = 2,205 lbs

 

..: Basal Metabolism Calculation

This is the equation suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) (kcal/jour):

3 - 18 years m = 68 - 43,3 a + 19,2 w + 712 h
f = 189 - 17,6 a + 7,9 w + 625 h
19 years and older m = 293 - 3,8 a + 10,12 w + 456,4 h
f = 247 - 2,67 a + 8,60 w + 401,5 h

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female

 

This is the equation suggested by Harris-Benedict (kcal/jour):

m = 66,47 - 6,76 a + 13,75 w + 500 h
f = 655,1 - 4,68 a + 9,56 w + 185 h

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female

 

..: Total Energy Expediture Calculation

This is the equation suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal-weight (kcal/jour):

0 - 3 months (89 w - 100) + 175
4 - 6 months (89 w - 100) + 56
7 - 12 months (89 w - 100) + 22
13 - 35 months (89 w - 100) + 20
3 - 8 years m = 88,5 - 61,9 a + PA (26,7 w + 903 h) + 20
f = 135,3 - 30,8 a + PA (10,0 w + 934 h) + 20
9 - 18 years m = 88,5 - 61,9 a + PA (26,7 w + 903 h) + 25
f = 135,3 - 30,8 a + PA (10,0 w + 934 h) + 25
19 years ans older m = 662 - 9,53 a + PA (15,91 w + 539,6 h)
f = 354 - 6,91 a + PA (9,36 w + 736 h)
Pregnancy 1st trimester: + 0
2nd trimester: + 160 + 180
3rd trimester: + 272 + 180
Lactation 0 to 6 months postpartum: + 500 - 170
7 to 12 months postpartum: + 400

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female
PA = Physical Activity coefficient  (see table above)

 

This is the equation suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal weight or overweight (kcal/jour):

3 - 18 years m = 114 - 50,9 a + PA (19,5 w + 1161,4 h)
f = 389 - 41,2 a + PA (15,0 w + 701,6 h)
19 years and older m = 864 - 9,72 a + PA (14,2 w + 503 h)
f = 387 - 7,31 a + PA (10,9 w + 660,7 h)
Pregnancy 1st trimester: + 0
2nd trimester: + 160 + 180
3rd trimester: + 272 + 180
Lactation 0 to 6 months postpartum: + 500 - 170
7 to 12 months postpartum: + 400

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female
PA = Physical Activity coefficient  (see table above)

 

..: Physical Activity Coefficients (PA)

These are the coefficients suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal-weight:

  Sedentary
(PAL* 1,0 to 1,4)
Low active
(PAL* 1,4 to 1,69)
Active
(PAL* 1,6 to 1,9)
Very active
(PAL* 1,9 to 2,5)
3 - 18 years m = 1,00
f = 1,00
m = 1,13
f = 1,16
m = 1,26
f = 1,31
m = 1,42
f = 1,56
19 years and older m = 1,00
f = 1,00
m = 1,11
f = 1,12
m = 1,25
f = 1,27
m = 1,48
f = 1,45

* PAL = Physical Activity Level

 

These are the coefficients suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal-weight or overweight:

  Sedentary
(PAL* 1,0 to 1,4)
Low active
(PAL* 1,4 to 1,69)
Active
(PAL* 1,6 to 1,9)
Very active
(PAL* 1,9 to 2,5)
3 - 18 years m = 1,00
f = 1,00
m = 1,12
f = 1,18
m = 1,24
f = 1,35
m = 1,45
f = 1,60
19 years and older m = 1,00
f = 1,00
m = 1,12
f = 1,14
m = 1,27
f = 1,27
m = 1,54
f = 1,45

* PAL = Physical Activity Level

 

..: Terms Definition

Sedentary Typical daily living activities
Low active Typical daily living activities
+ 30 to 60 minutes of moderate activity / day
Active Typical daily living activities
+ at least 60 minutes of moderate activity / day
Very active Typical daily living activities
+ at least 60 minutes of moderate activity / day
+ at least 60 minutes of vigorous activity / day
or
+ at least 120 minutes of moderate activity / day

 

Typical Living Activities 
walking slowly or moderately
clerical work
household tasks (light)
leisure activities like billiards, dancing (slowly), volleyball (leisurely), gardening (light), golf with cart, etc.


Moderate Activities
badminton (leisurely)
cycling (leisurely)
dancing
smooth exercising
gardening
walking rapidly
tai-chi
household tasks
etc.


Vigorous Activities
badminton (competitive)
basketball
stationary bicycle
physical conditioning
cycling
aerobic
jogging
judo or karate
swimming rapidly
soccer
tennis
volleyball (competitive)
etc.