# Appendix

### Calculation Source

..: Body Mass Index Calculation   (BMI)

BMI =  Weight (kg)
[Height (m)]2

where
1 inch= 2,54 cm
1 kg = 2,205 lbs

..: Basal Metabolism Calculation

This is the equation suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) (kcal/jour):

 3 - 18 years m = 68 - 43,3 a + 19,2 w + 712 h f = 189 - 17,6 a + 7,9 w + 625 h 19 years and older m = 293 - 3,8 a + 10,12 w + 456,4 h f = 247 - 2,67 a + 8,60 w + 401,5 h

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female

This is the equation suggested by Harris-Benedict (kcal/jour):

 m = 66,47 - 6,76 a + 13,75 w + 500 h f = 655,1 - 4,68 a + 9,56 w + 185 h

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female

..: Total Energy Expediture Calculation

This is the equation suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal-weight (kcal/jour):

 0 - 3 months (89 w - 100) + 175 4 - 6 months (89 w - 100) + 56 7 - 12 months (89 w - 100) + 22 13 - 35 months (89 w - 100) + 20 3 - 8 years m = 88,5 - 61,9 a + PA (26,7 w + 903 h) + 20 f = 135,3 - 30,8 a + PA (10,0 w + 934 h) + 20 9 - 18 years m = 88,5 - 61,9 a + PA (26,7 w + 903 h) + 25 f = 135,3 - 30,8 a + PA (10,0 w + 934 h) + 25 19 years ans older m = 662 - 9,53 a + PA (15,91 w + 539,6 h) f = 354 - 6,91 a + PA (9,36 w + 736 h) Pregnancy 1st trimester: + 02nd trimester: + 160 + 180 3rd trimester: + 272 + 180 Lactation 0 to 6 months postpartum: + 500 - 170 7 to 12 months postpartum: + 400

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female
PA = Physical Activity coefficient  (see table above)

This is the equation suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal weight or overweight (kcal/jour):

 3 - 18 years m = 114 - 50,9 a + PA (19,5 w + 1161,4 h) f = 389 - 41,2 a + PA (15,0 w + 701,6 h) 19 years and older m = 864 - 9,72 a + PA (14,2 w + 503 h) f = 387 - 7,31 a + PA (10,9 w + 660,7 h) Pregnancy 1st trimester: + 02nd trimester: + 160 + 180 3rd trimester: + 272 + 180 Lactation 0 to 6 months postpartum: + 500 - 170 7 to 12 months postpartum: + 400

where
w = weight in kg
h = height in m
a = age in year
m = male
f = female
PA = Physical Activity coefficient  (see table above)

..: Physical Activity Coefficients (PA)

These are the coefficients suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal-weight:

 Sedentary (PAL* 1,0 to 1,4) Low active (PAL* 1,4 to 1,69) Active (PAL* 1,6 to 1,9) Very active (PAL* 1,9 to 2,5) 3 - 18 years m = 1,00 f = 1,00 m = 1,13 f = 1,16 m = 1,26 f = 1,31 m = 1,42 f = 1,56 19 years and older m = 1,00 f = 1,00 m = 1,11 f = 1,12 m = 1,25 f = 1,27 m = 1,48 f = 1,45

* PAL = Physical Activity Level

These are the coefficients suggested by USA National Academy of Sciences-Institute of Medicine-Food and NutritionBoard (http://www.iom.edu/) - normal-weight or overweight:

 Sedentary (PAL* 1,0 to 1,4) Low active (PAL* 1,4 to 1,69) Active (PAL* 1,6 to 1,9) Very active (PAL* 1,9 to 2,5) 3 - 18 years m = 1,00 f = 1,00 m = 1,12 f = 1,18 m = 1,24 f = 1,35 m = 1,45 f = 1,60 19 years and older m = 1,00 f = 1,00 m = 1,12 f = 1,14 m = 1,27 f = 1,27 m = 1,54 f = 1,45

* PAL = Physical Activity Level

..: Terms Definition

 Sedentary Typical daily living activities Low active Typical daily living activities+ 30 to 60 minutes of moderate activity / day Active Typical daily living activities+ at least 60 minutes of moderate activity / day Very active Typical daily living activities+ at least 60 minutes of moderate activity / day + at least 60 minutes of vigorous activity / day or+ at least 120 minutes of moderate activity / day

Typical Living Activities
walking slowly or moderately
clerical work
leisure activities like billiards, dancing (slowly), volleyball (leisurely), gardening (light), golf with cart, etc.

Moderate Activities
cycling (leisurely)
dancing
smooth exercising
gardening
walking rapidly
tai-chi
etc.

Vigorous Activities